GSICS webmeeting on the Annual Calibration Report

Date: 2020-04-16

Chair: Fangfang Yu

Minutes: Tim Hewison


CNES: Laura Le Barbier

CMA: Scott Hu, Na Xu, Chengli Qi, Ning Lei

ESA: Paolo Castracene, Stefano Casadio

EUMETSAT: Tim Hewison, Dorothee Coppens, Sebastien Wagner, Ken Holmlund, Rose Munro

IMD: Ashim Mitra

JMA: Arata Okuyama, Kuzuki Kodera, Tanaka Hidecki

KMA: Dohyeong Kim, Minju Gu, Eunkyn Kim, Tae-Hyeong Oh

NOAA: Fangfang Yu, Larry Flynn, Robbie Iacovazzi, Manik Bali, Flavio Iturbide, Mitch Goldberg, Fred Wu

NASA: Amit Angal, Sirish, Taejoung Choi, Jack Xiong, Dave Doelling, Aisheng Wu, Ben Scarino, Vincent Chiang

UMBC: Larrabee Strow

UMD: Hyelim Yoo

WMO: Werner Balogh, Heikki Pohjola

State of Observing System Report presented at EP-20

State of Observing System Report presented at EP-21

Fangfang Yu (NOAA) - Introduction to GSICS Annual Calibration Reports

Fangfang introduced the web meeting and presented the proposed outline of the GSICS Annual Calibration Reports, including lists of revelant events, summary tables of bias and variability in all channels of each monitored instrument - usually over the last year - and long-term trends, including plots where necessary. In discussion, it was emphasised that at least the primary reference instrument for each band should be used - this is currently IASI-B for the IR. (Decision?)

She also highlighted the outstanding need for characterisation of other components of the radiometric uncertainties - particularly radiometric noise and geometric calibration accuracy.

A.GWG.20200416.1: Dorothee Coppens (EUMETSAT) to circulate plans for Metop-A End Of Life testing, which is expected for 2021Q3/Q4 for IASI

Shengli Qi - CMA Annual Calibration Report

CMA's report covered both their GEO instruments:

FY-4/AGRI: Shengli showed strong attentuation of the reflected solar bands' calibration coefficients, especially at the shortest wavelength - and that the striping issue previously experienced in AGRI has been alieviated by the introduction of an adaptive wavelet filter.

FY-4/GIIRS has also been improved substantially during 2020 - in terms of spectral, radiometric and processing optimizations, which have resulted in fewer bad granules

CMA plan to generate GSICS corrections for AGRI and add GIIRS inter-comparisons to their GSICS portfolio in 2020, which was strongly encouraged.

CMA were also encouraged to quantify the variability of the biases in their future Annual Calibration Reports.

Tim Hewison - EUMETSAT Annual Calibration Report

EUMETSAT covered the performance of all 4 SEVIRI imagers, which are currently operational on all Meteosat Second Generation satellites. Their calibration is now basically stable, so Tim's presentation focused more on the details of what should be included in the report. He proposed that if GSICS agencies generate GSICS Corrections for their instruments and upload them to the Data and Products Servers, it would be possible to develop common scripts to generate the contents of the Annual Calibration Report. This could be followed up in the Data Working Group.

Recommendation: - TBC?

A.GDWG.20200416.1: Manik Bali (NOAA) to coordinate GDWG to investigate developing scripts to generate contents of Annual Calibration Reports from GSICS Corrections.

Tim went on to summarise comparisons between IASI-A and IASI-B based on time series of the double-differences, highlighting the small, but measureable impact of the updates to their onboard processing. He showed that since September 2019 their calibration is now very well aligned - within 25mK for standard radiance scenes.

Ashim Mitra - IMD Agency Report

Ashim showed comparisons of INSAT-3D and -3DR with AVHRR and results of comparisons with in-situ measurements in the Raan of Kutch.

IMD were encouraged to implement GSICS algorithms to monitor the calibration of their satellite instruments.

Arata Okuyama - JMA Annual Calibration Report

Arata summarised the mean calibration bias and uncertainty in all the channels of the AHI imagers on Himawari-8 and -9, based on GSICS GEO-LEO algorithm for the IR channels as well as Ray-matching and vicarious calibration for the Reflected Solar Band.

He explained that the Himawari-8/AHI VNIR channels' calibration coefficients were updated in July 2019 as annual event. He also showed that revising the Best Detector Selection map, which reduced the striping. The selection map was updated in 2019 for the first time in 2 years.

There were interesting discussions on features of the results, including the apparently anomalous degradation of the 0.47µm channel.

Tae-Hyeong Oh - KMA Annual Calibration Report

Tae-Hyeong presented the result of KMA's calibration monitoring applied to the COMS and new AMI imagers' reflected solar band channels, which will be further extended in next week's web meeting. Minju showed the results from the GSICS GEO-LEO IR algorithm. These were applied during the AMI commissioning to identify a small shift in the 13.3µm channel's Spectral Response Function, which have alread been communicated to the user communities.

Fangfang summarised the calibration of the ABI imager on GOES-16 and -17. She explained the CAL LUTs had been updated in April 2019, and that the newly implemented Predictive Calibration Algorithm improves the calibration of the GOES-17 IR channels during nighttime (which is expected to continue to improve). All calibration of all IR channels on GOES-16/ABI is now excellent (within 0.1K), but there are residual biases in the sounding channels on GOES-17, which are thought to be due to SRF changes due to operating at non-nominal temperatures and are expected to be reduced in future.

Ninghai Lei - NASA VIIRS Calibration Report

NASA's analysis of SNPP/VIIRS confirmed the continued good performance, with noise much better than requirements and improved modelling of the solar diffuser screen transmittance, which has improved the calibration stability. NASA showed all channels are now very similar to NOAA's F-factors for NOAA-20/VIIRS. They plan to use lunar observations to further adjust the degradation model.

Taeyong ("Jason") Choi - NOAA VIIRS Calibration Report

Jason reported that all VIIRS bands' calibration have been stable since the LUT update in April 2018 - so NOAA have adopted constant F-factors. They have also consolidate solar diffusor and lunar F-factors within 1%.

It was pointed out that only absolute Moon phases between 2° and 92° are supported by GIRO.

Flavio Iturbide - NOAA CrIS Calibration Report

Flavio reported the SNPP CrIS anomaly in 2019. After the electronic side switch, the radiometric and geometric calibration accuracies and the noise performances are comparable with those before the switch.

Potential Topics

- GPRC GEO Instrument report (10 minutes for each agency)


- GSICS reference instrument report (L1B products) (10-15 minutes for each L1B product)

N20/VIIRS L1B Calibration and Data Collection (NASA VIIRS Land SIPS L1B)

Discussion/Wrap-up (20 minutes)
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
2019_EUMETSAT_GSICS_CalibrationReport.pptxpptx 2019_EUMETSAT_GSICS_CalibrationReport.pptx manage 1 MB 16 Apr 2020 - 10:06 TimHewison  
2020_GSICS_CrIS_Report_Apr_16_2020.pdfpdf 2020_GSICS_CrIS_Report_Apr_16_2020.pdf manage 215 K 20 Apr 2020 - 19:57 ManikBali Flavio on cris
2020_gsics_AgencyCalibrationReport_Introduction.pptxpptx 2020_gsics_AgencyCalibrationReport_Introduction.pptx manage 165 K 16 Apr 2020 - 10:50 FangfangYu  
2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_CMA-v2(1).pptxpptx 2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_CMA-v2(1).pptx manage 6 MB 16 Apr 2020 - 10:40 FangfangYu  
2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_JMA.pptxpptx 2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_JMA.pptx manage 544 K 16 Apr 2020 - 10:42 FangfangYu  
2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_KMA-v3.pptxpptx 2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_KMA-v3.pptx manage 532 K 16 Apr 2020 - 10:41 FangfangYu  
2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_NOAA.pptxpptx 2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_NOAA.pptx manage 1 MB 08 May 2020 - 01:30 FangfangYu  
2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_template-v2.pptxpptx 2020_gsics_GEOCalibrationReport_template-v2.pptx manage 1 MB 07 Apr 2020 - 14:33 TimHewison  
2020_gsics_INSAT3D_AKMITRA.pptxpptx 2020_gsics_INSAT3D_AKMITRA.pptx manage 5 MB 16 Apr 2020 - 10:11 TimHewison  
GSICS-EP-20_Doc_6.1p_GDWG.pptxpptx GSICS-EP-20_Doc_6.1p_GDWG.pptx manage 4 MB 08 May 2020 - 13:47 ManikBali State of Observing Report EP-20
GSICS-EP-21_Annual_Observing_v1.0.pptxpptx GSICS-EP-21_Annual_Observing_v1.0.pptx manage 23 MB 19 May 2020 - 16:33 FangfangYu Observing System Report to EP
GSICS_20200416_N20_VIIRS_RSB_NASA_VCST_V1.pdfpdf GSICS_20200416_N20_VIIRS_RSB_NASA_VCST_V1.pdf manage 837 K 15 Apr 2020 - 19:53 FangfangYu  
NOAA_VIIRS_cal_report_v0.pptxpptx NOAA_VIIRS_cal_report_v0.pptx manage 8 MB 16 Apr 2020 - 00:47 FangfangYu  
Topic revision: r21 - 19 May 2020, FangfangYu
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