We first perform a rough cut to reduce the data volume and only include relevant portions of the dataset (channels, area, time, viewing geometry). The purpose is to select portions of data collected by the two instruments that are likely to produce collocations. This is desirable because typically less then 0.1% of measurements are collocated. The processing time is reduced substantially by excluding measurements unlikely to produce collocations.
Data is selected on a per-orbit or per-image basis. To do this, we need to know how often to do inter-calibration – which is based on the observed rate of change and must be defined iteratively with the results of the inter-calibration process (see 4.f).